Web hosting is an essential service, which serves a website to any person visiting it. Though you can host your own website from a basic computer, itís always better to choose a web hosting service provider. A professional service provider stores your site on fast servers with fast connections in a data center. When you visit a website, your computer connects to another computer, which sends files to the web browser, and then renders the files into website pages you view. There are different kinds of website hosting plans.
As the name suggests, shared hosting makes sure your site is hosted on a server shared by many other websites. Shared cost is an obvious advantage of this setup. In some cases, you only have to pay $5-$10 per month. However, thereís also a major drawback. Youíre always at the mercy of other websites on the server. A very popular website on the server may affect your websiteís performance. However, if youíre a popular website, you get a huge amount of space and bandwidth on the server for a low price.
You will also be able to purchase domain names from your hosting provider.
In simple terms, reseller web hosting packages give you a shared hosting account with some additional tools. This allows you to resell hosting space. Itís worth mentioning that reseller hosting packages come with better technical control, billing software to invoice clients, and other benefits, including free website templates, private name servers, white label technical support.
Cloud or Grid hosting refers to a relatively new website hosting technology. It allows numerous individual servers work together, and transform them into a giant server. When a companyís need grows, it can add more hardware and infrastructure to make a larger Cloud or grid.
Virtual Private Servers share just one physical server, but act like separate or multiple servers. A Virtual Private Server lays the foundation for shifting from shared hosting to dedicated hosting. Though every VPS shared hardware resources, instances are allocated a dedicated share of computing resources. With a Virtual Private Server, you donít experience the problem of hosting neighbors bringing down the website. Moreover, youíre also able to avoid the high costs of a dedicated server.
When you work on a dedicated server, you rent a physical server from a web hosting company. Due to this, you have complete control over the services. Many hosting companies even offer customized packages to suit your preferences and budget.
With colocation, you rent some rack space from a high end data center. You need to bring in your own hardware, and the service provider offers cooling, power, internet uplink and physical security. Due to this, youíre responsible for your own data storage, server software, backup procedures and more. In case the hardware fails, you need to replace it on your own.
Last but not the least, this is considered the ultimate web hosting plan. With self service, you need to do it all yourself. You need to purchase the servers, configure and install the software, ensure sufficient power and cooling in the machine room, double up for redundancy. This may be a high cost option, and requires you to take a big responsibility.